Ralph Rugoff Curator of the 58 th International Art Exhibition

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R Rugoff

May You Live In Interesting Times
“In a speech given in the late 1930s, British MP Sir Austen Chamberlain invoked an ancient Chinese
curse that he had learned of from a British diplomat who had served in Asia, and which took the
curious form of saying, “May you live in interesting times.” “There is no doubt that the curse has
fallen on us,” Chamberlain observed. “We move from one crisis to another. We suffer one
disturbance and shock after another.”
This summary sounds uncannily familiar today as the news cycle spins from crisis to crisis.
Yet at a moment when the digital dissemination of fake news and “alternative facts” is corroding
political discourse and the trust on which it depends, it is worth pausing whenever possible to
reassess our terms of reference. In this case it turns out that there never was any such “ancient
Chinese curse,” despite the fact that Western politicians have made reference to it in speeches for
over a hundred years. It is an ersatz cultural relic, and yet for all its fictional status it has had real
rhetorical effects in significant public exchanges. At once suspect and rich in meaning, this kind of
uncertain artefact suggests potential lines of exploration that are worth pursuing at present,
especially when the “interesting times” it evokes seem to be with us once again. Hence the 58 th
International Art Exhibition of La Biennale di Venezia will be titled after a counterfeit curse.
May You Live in Interesting Times will no doubt include artworks that reflect upon
precarious aspects of existence today, including different threats to key traditions, institutions and
relationships of the “post-war order.” But let us acknowledge at the outset that art does not
exercise its forces in the domain of politics. Art cannot stem the rise of nationalist movements and
authoritarian governments in different parts of the world, for instance, nor can it alleviate the
tragic fate of displaced peoples across the globe (whose numbers now represent almost one
percent of the world’s entire population).
But in an indirect fashion, perhaps art can be a kind of guide for how to live and think in
‘interesting times.’ The 58 th International Art Exhibition will not have a theme per se, but will
highlight a general approach to making art and a view of art’s social function as embracing both
pleasure and critical thinking. The Exhibition will focus on the work of artists who challenge
existing habits of thought and open up our readings of objects and images, gestures and situations.
Art of this kind grows out of a practice of entertaining multiple perspectives: of holding in mind
seemingly contradictory and incompatible notions, and juggling diverse ways of making sense of
the world. Artists who think in this manner offer alternatives to the meaning of so-called facts by
suggesting other ways of connecting and contextualising them. Animated by boundless curiosity
and puncturing wit, their work encourages us to look askance at all unquestioned categories,
concepts and subjectivities. It invites us to consider multiple alternatives and unfamiliar vantage
points, and to discern the ways in which “order” has become the simultaneous presence of diverse
orders.
May You Live in Interesting Times will take seriously art’s potential as a method for looking into
things that we do not already know – things that may be off-limits, under-the-radar, or otherwise
inaccessible for various reasons. It will highlight artworks that explore the interconnectedness of
diverse phenomena, and that convey an affinity with the idea, asserted by both Leonardo da Vinci
and Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, that everything connects with everything else.
May You Live in Interesting Times springs from a belief that interesting art creates forms
whose particular character and delineation raise questions about the ways in which we mark
cultural boundaries and borders. Intelligent artistic activity involves creating forms that call
attention to what forms conceal, and the functions that they fulfil. The Exhibition will highlight art
that exists in between categories, and which questions the rationales behind our categorical
thinking.
May You Live in Interesting Times will aim to welcome its public to an expansive
experience of the deep involvement, absorption and creative learning that art makes possible. This
will entail engaging visitors in a series of encounters that are essentially playful, taking into
account that it is when we play that we are most fully “human.” This will mean tweaking aspects
of the exhibition format where possible to make sure they are sympathetically aligned with the
character of the art being presented.
Finally, May You Live in Interesting Times will be formulated in the belief that human
happiness depends on substantive conversations, because as social animals we are driven to both
create and find meaning, and to connect with others. In this light, the Exhibition will aim to
underscore the idea that the meaning of artworks are not embedded principally in objects but in
conversations – first between artist and artwork, and then between artwork and audience, and later
between different publics. Ultimately, Biennale Arte 2019 aspires to the ideal that what is most
important about an exhibition is not what it puts on display, but how audiences can use their
experience of the exhibition afterwards, to confront everyday realities from expanded viewpoints
and with new energies. An exhibition should open people’s eyes to previously unconsidered ways
of being in the world and thus change their view of that world.” Ralph Rugoff

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